If you’re concerned about the type of chemicals you put on your skin, natural deodorant might be a good option. It’s not simply deodorant made with all-natural ingredients. It works to eliminate body odor but doesn’t include chemicals normally found in store-bought deodorants such as parabens, triclosan, and formaldehyde.

Before you transition to an all-natural deodorant, learn more about it, how it works, and deodorant differs from antiperspirant to make sure it’s the best option for you.

Making your own natural deodorant at home is super easy! And it only takes about 20 minutes. We’ve included a few DIY natural deodorant recipes below, but first, you need to decide which ingredients you want to use.

Top 6 All-Natural DIY Deodorant Ingredients

  1. Baking soda
  2. Cornstarch or arrowroot powder
  3. Coconut oil
  4. Essential oils
  5. Shea butter
  6. Beeswax

Simple Recipes to Make at Home

There are a million reasons people choose to make their own deodorant. Some do it to save money, others want control over what they put on their body for health or skin sensitivity reasons. As mentioned above, most homemade deodorant recipes use the same basic ingredients — baking soda or cornstarch — and add different items depending on skin type and personal preference.

When choosing essential oils to use in your recipes, consider which scents you like and who will be using it. Some good options for women include lavender, sage, and lemon. Cypress, rosemary, and bergamot are all good options for men. You could also use patchouli, frankincense, or tea tree oil to scent your deodorant.

Easy, Cost-Effective DIY Natural Deodorant

If you’re looking for a simple, cost-effective option, this DIY natural deodorant recipe only uses three ingredients:

1/2 cup of coconut oil
1/2 cup of baking soda
40-60 drops of essential oils
To make the deodorant, put the coconut oil in a mixing bowl. Then, mix in the baking soda. Lastly, add the essential oils you’ve chosen. You can store this homemade deodorant in a small glass jar and apply it using your fingers.

Natural Deodorant Recipe for People Worried About Excess Body Odor

If you’re worried about having a strong body odor, this recipe helps eliminate even the manliest, musky scents:

3 tablespoons of baking soda
5 tablespoons of arrowroot powder or non-GMO cornstarch
6 tablespoons of shea butter
30-60 drops of essential oils

To make this natural deodorant, put the baking soda, arrowroot (or non-GMO cornstarch), and shea butter in a large mixing bowl and use your hands to combine the ingredients. It might seem like the deodorant is a bit powdery at first — that’s okay. Add your essential oils, and then, use a hand mixer to whip the mixture together until it becomes creamy. Store the deodorant in a 4-ounce jar and apply sparingly with your fingertips.

If this recipe is too harsh for your skin, you can replace the shea butter with four tablespoons of melted coconut oil and eliminate the essential oils. This is a good option for anyone with really sensitive skin because it shouldn’t cause a pH imbalance.

Calming DIY Natural Deodorant Recipe for People with Sensitive Skin

Did you know that frankincense has anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, and anti-bacterial properties, but it’s still gentle enough to use on sensitive skin? That’s only one reason why this recipe for natural deodorant is a great option for anyone with overly sensitive skin — the rest of the ingredients are also gentle.

  • 2 tablespoons of shea butter
  • 2 tablespoons of coconut oil
  • 2 teaspoons of beeswax
  • 1 teaspoon of baking soda
  • 4 teaspoons of tapioca, arrowroot, or potato starch
  • 50 drops of frankincense essential oil

Place the beeswax, shea butter, and coconut oil into a glass measuring cup. Then, fill a pot partially with water and place the measuring cup into the water — this makes a double boiler. Simmer on medium heat until the beeswax melts completely. Once the beeswax is melted, remove the mixture from the heat and stir in the baking soda and starch. Make sure it’s completely mixed in, and then, add the frankincense oil.

Before the mixture hardens, pour it into two 2-ounce tins. You can keep this deodorant in the tin for up to 12 months, as long as the tin is kept in a cool, dry place. The mixture won’t harden completely, so it’s easy to apply with your fingertips.

The Effectiveness of Natural Deodorant

Many people avoid switching from their go-to antiperspirant and deodorant because they think that natural deodorant won’t work as well. After all, who wants to be the person in the office with a funky body odor? The good news is, natural deodorant works a lot better than you probably think.

Are Natural Deodorants Effective?

Natural deodorants are effective, but it’s important that you understand the difference between deodorant and antiperspirant before making the change. All-natural deodorants control body odor, but not sweating. For that, we recommend an antiperspirant like our SweatBlock towelettes. They help cut down on sweating and they can be used to provide relief for issues such as clammy hands, in addition to underarm sweat.

What Ingredients Are in Natural Deodorant?

All-natural deodorants are made using organic ingredients. These are typically plant-based components and essential oils that work together to reduce unpleasant odors.

The essential oils are used to scent the deodorant, so it’s possible to purchase or make non-scented versions as well, which is a good option for anyone with extremely sensitive skin. Natural deodorants that aren’t scented are typically used solely to neutralize unpleasant body odors. So basically, they will help eliminate body odor, but won’t make your armpits smell like flowers.

Some people prefer using a DIY natural deodorant instead of a store-bought option. These are typically made using ingredients such as baking soda, cornstarch, lemon juice, and rubbing alcohol. They’re pretty easy to make at home and can be used with an antiperspirant that helps control sweating.

How Do Natural Deodorants Work?

Did you know that your sweat doesn’t stink? Body odor is actually the result of protein-packed sweat mixing with the bacteria that sits on your skin.

So deodorants, including natural ones, work by reducing the bacteria on your skin to neutralize body odor. Most are scented to help mask the smell of body odor throughout the day. For example, a natural deodorant for women might be scented with lavender essential oils to give it a fresh, flowery smell, while options for men might use a more masculine-smelling oil such as bergamot. The type of essential oil you use is completely up to you, but before you make a selection, consider researching the benefits of specific oil types — beyond scent. For example, if you choose an option that’s anti-bacterial, it will also reduce the bacteria under your arms, which can help control odor even further.

The Pros and Cons of Natural Deodorant

Like everything else, natural deodorant has both pros and cons. However, for most people, the good outweighs the bad. The biggest concern for most people who want to switch is finding an organic deodorant that works.

Many people think that because natural deodorant doesn’t include an antiperspirant it isn’t working. But it’s easy to find one that works. In fact, most do work — really well.

Remember, natural deodorant blocks odor but doesn’t prevent sweating. So if you sweat a lot, it’s important to use an antiperspirant with your new deodorant to help prevent stains and wet spots on your clothes. SweatBlock antiperspirant is a great option for this because our towelettes help cut down your sweating for four to seven days. Also, if excessive sweating is a major concern, there are several sweat-reducing foods you can eat to help alleviate the problem.

Because there are so many different ways to help prevent excessive sweating — and avoid embarrassing pit stains — the fact that natural deodorant doesn’t have a built-in antiperspirant isn’t really much of a “con.”

Why Natural Deodorant is Better

Natural deodorant is a better choice for most people because it doesn’t include the harsh chemicals found in regular deodorant and antiperspirants. It’s common for deodorants and antiperspirants to be made using ingredients that are considered toxic or harsh such as propylene glycol, which is known to cause eye and skin irritation. Other potentially harmful ingredients normally found in conventional deodorants include parabens, which can affect your hormones; triclosan, which is actually used as a pesticide; and bleach, which can irritate your skin.

Ingredients used in organic and do-it-yourself natural deodorants are, as you would expect, natural. In most cases, the plant-based ingredients used to make natural underarm deodorants that work are a lot more gentle, making them ideal for people with sensitive skin.

Why You Should Switch to a Natural Deodorant

Switching to a natural deodorant is a great option if you have any type of skin issues or you’re prone to rashes. Because you’re eliminating the use of harsh ingredients by making the switch, it’s possible that you won’t have as many skin problems or it won’t become irritated as much once you start using natural deodorant.

When you switch from conventional to natural deodorant, there is a transition period. But once your body has eliminated all of the toxins in it, you may actually notice that you sweat less than you did when using conventional brands.

All-natural deodorants are also a good option for anyone concerned about the environment. They feature environmentally-friendly ingredients, and many come in recyclable packaging.

Also, one thing many people don’t realize is that switching to organic deodorant can actually save you a few bucks. Sure, some products labeled “all-natural” or “organic” will be more costly, but when it comes to deodorant, it’s so easy and cost-effective to make at home.

Which Natural Deodorant Works Best?

There isn’t one “best natural deodorant” on the market or a natural deodorant recipe that’s one-size-fits-all. The fact is, everyone’s body is different, so one type of all-natural deodorant may work great for you, but not your best friend.

The key to finding the best all-natural deodorant is reading product labels. You might think a product is all-natural when it actually includes some harsh chemicals. So be sure to read the ingredients on the label carefully.

Also, remember that you won’t find a product that’s really the “best natural deodorant for sweating” because natural deodorants only mask odor. They don’t include an antiperspirant that helps prevent sweating. That’s why, if you’re worried about getting sweat stains on your clothing, we recommend that you use an antiperspirant, such as SweatBlock, in addition to your new natural deodorant.

Ultimately, when it comes to finding the most-effective all-natural deodorant for you, there’s a good chance you’ll need to try a few different options — whether you buy them or make your own. Homemade organic deodorants work just as well as store-bought options, so it’s really just a personal preference. Regardless of which option you choose, you should consider using an antiperspirant, such as SweatBlock, with your new natural deodorant to help cut down the amount of sweat your body produces.

How to make natural deodorant.

body wipes

In this modern age of smart watches, home automation and self driving cars we tend to forget the essential conveniences in life. Flushing toilets, indoor plumbing, and warm showers come to mind.

All it takes is a weekend camping trip to help us remember how amazing showers and running water really are. Is there a better feeling than washing all the dirt, sweat and campfire residue from your body after a weekend of “roughing it”?

Just imagine how bad people smelled 200 years ago? Especially when bathing was a luxury available only to the upper classes of society.

We live in an exciting time when bathhouses have been replaced with Apple stores and every home has a shower or bath.

But even in this age of mind-blowing technological advancement, we often find ourselves without access to a shower.

The mid-day workout, the afternoon round of golf, the bike ride to work; these are the times you really need a shower – but don’t have the time or access to one.

Wouldn’t it be amazing if someone invented a portable shower? One that you could carry around in your pocket?

Oh wait… someone already did. It’s called a shower wipe.

When you can’t find a shower or just don’t have time for one, you’ll appreciate this nifty little invention. It’s an over-sized body wipe that quickly gets you clean and fresh… no matter where you are.

Here are 9 reasons you should consider packing shower wipes along with your other prized possessions.

9 Benefits of Body Wipes:

  • 1. Convenient
  • 2. Easy to Use
  • 3. Antibacterial
  • 4. Quick Freshen-Up
  • 5. When You Can’t Shower
  • 6. Hygienic Cleaning
  • 7. Exfoliating
  • 8. Wipes for Women
  • 9. Wipes for Men

Today, a multitude of wipes exist for almost every imaginable use and niche. Body cleansing wipes are available for removing makeup, showering, wiping away sweat, sanitizing, and hygienic cleaning. There are exfoliating wipes, wipes for camping, wipes for traveling, workout wipes, and wipes for many, many other uses. Body wipes provide us with many benefits and consumers have come to rely on them.

1. Body Wipes are Convenient

Convenience is without a doubt the primary reason why body wipes have become so popular. Since their introduction in the early 1960s, hundreds of body wipe products for a wide range of diverse uses have become available. You can find them at your local grocery store, drug store, and online. Fast-paced lifestyles resulting from the contemporary demands of home, job, family, and recreational pursuits keep us busy all day long. We all love body wet wipes because they save us time.

Carrying the equivalent of a quick shower in your pocket or purse is a big deal for men and women on the go. No matter the situation, the ability to pull out a wipe and freshen up is one of the benefits of the modern age. Here’s a partial list of the different kinds of cleansing body wipes that are readily available.

2. Body Wipes Are Easy to Use

Going hand-in-hand with the convenience of using body wipes is their ease of use. No instructions are needed. Simply remove a body wipe from its individual wrapper or box and use it. Then, the used wipe goes in the trash or is flushed away. No rinsing, washing, or reusing the wipe is necessary.

For the most part, the disposal of body wipes has minimal environmental impact. Some flushable wipes can wreak havoc on community sewer systems–especially body wipes that are not made of cellulose fibers. Wipes made from materials other than cellulose (paper) biodegrade too slowly and can clog sewer system pumps.

3. Body Wipes Can Be Antibacterial

You don’t have to suffer from germaphobia (fear of germs) to use antibacterial body wipes. Touching surfaces in public places that have been touched by hordes of other people is a great way to catch something. Wipes provide us with a quick way to protect ourselves.

A common scenario can be found at your favorite grocery store. You walk in and go straight to the long line of nested shopping carts. You look at the handle and see some unidentifiable something smeared across the handle. So many sickening possibilities! You don’t want to catch something, so you reach for an antibacterial wipe from the dispenser placed near the door. You pull one out, and thoroughly wipe the handle clean. Afterward, you proceed merrily on your way, confident that any offending bacteria have been safely neutralized.

It’s not just shopping cart handles. It’s doorknobs, restaurant table-tops, handrails, and the weight machines at your gym. And–horror of horrors–children, too. In fact, children can be the grimiest and most germ-laden carriers of all.

Just about every company producing hygiene products offers antibacterial body wipes, too. Most contain triclosan or triclocarban, ingredients that were originally used only in hospitals. Recently, triclosan has come under scrutiny of the FDA (Federal Drug Administration). Recent studies find that using body wipes or soaps that contain triclosan have the potential to create antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Additionally, triclosan-infused body wipes could disrupt your endocrine system. This effect, while not yet identified in humans, has been observed in multiple animal studies.

Many researchers now say that washing hands frequently with regular soap is just as effective as using an antibacterial wipe or antibacterial soap. But if soap and water are not available, an antibacterial body wipe may be just the thing you need in a pinch.

4. Body Wipes Are Great for a Quick Freshen-Up

Ever feel like you need to freshen-up after lunchtime run? Or when you’re on the road or between connecting flights? Perhaps you have a social event planned right after work. Anytime you need to freshen up but are short on time, personal body wipes can help you feel ready and rejuvenated.

A body cleansing wipe can clear away perspiration, dirt, and unpleasant odor, helping you feel refreshed and revitalized.

5. Wipes for When You Can’t Shower

You may be among those who can’t bear the thought of not taking a shower every day. But what about those times when showering is impossible? There will always be those times when taking a shower isn’t an option. It could be a camping trip, a long flight, an unexpected travel delay, or even an emergency situation. When it happens, having a supply of shower wipes or bath wipes can certainly brighten your day.

“Body shower” wipes have recently become quite popular among consumers. Some full-body shower wipes can even temporarily replace taking a shower. These wipes contain a mild cleaning solution, vitamin E, aloe vera, and they’re alcohol-free. They’re larger and thicker than typical body wipes, too–about the size of a standard washcloth but several times thicker.

Shower body wipes can remove sweat, body odor, and dirt. They also moisturize, dry quickly and leave no sticky residue. They’re safe for cleaning all areas of your body. Some have a medicinal smell that disappears quickly as the skin dries. Full body shower wipes are helpful for those who may be bedridden and unable to bathe.

As a real-world experiment, one man decided to see how long he could go without taking a shower, using only body cleansing wipes. After five consecutive days of using only shower body wipes, he felt reasonably clean and claims nobody knew he wasn’t taking a daily shower. He quit after the 5-day experiment because he began to develop redness and itching in his nether areas. The only other issue was the hair on his head. Shower wipes aren’t a substitute for shampoo.

6. Body Wipes for Hygienic Cleaning

Cleaning up “down there” has a long history– as long as humans have been roaming around planet earth. Before the advent of toilet paper, invented in the 19 century, we homo sapiens used dried leaves, clay, newspapers, and even Sears catalogs. Now, we have body cleansing wipes for use in the bathroom. What started out as a welcomed and convenient way to wipe baby bottoms has now grown into a billion-dollar business for adults, too.

However, there are differences of opinion among physicians as to the medical benefits of using body wipes as toilet paper. Some medical professionals say there’s no additional benefit compared to normal wiping with toilet paper, while others note that a sanitary wipe is more thorough. Most people would agree that using bathroom wipes just feels better.

Most leading brands of hygienic bathroom wipes are alcohol and paraben-free. They contain mild cleaning solutions and may contain aloe and vitamin E. Typically, these wipes are also fragrance-free. Because flushed wipes were known to clogging sewer systems, many wipes today are made with cellulose or plant-based fibers which biodegrade quickly.

7. Wipes for Exfoliating

Exfoliating wipes are different from facial cleaning wipes. While both are designed to clean the skin, exfoliating wipes are designed to remove dead skin cells, oil, dirt, and germs. The definition of exfoliate is “wash or rub with a granular substance to remove dead cells from the surface.” A good exfoliating wipe will unclog skin pores and allow your facial skin to breathe.

What exactly makes an exfoliating wipe different? The ingredients. Because exfoliating wipes are made to scrub and exfoliate, their texture will be rougher. Microbeads are the most common additive that gives exfoliating wipes the ability to remove dead skin without harming the living skin. Other ingredients may include oils, vitamins, glycerin, crushed oats, or wax beads.

8. Wipes for Women

Ladies, it’s easy to become dependent on body wipes for the face. It’s a great way to remove makeup. With hundreds of brands available in the makeup aisle or online, there’s something to meet the needs and wants of anyone wearing makeup. Yes, they’re easy to use, but here are some things you may not know about face wipes.

  • Do makeup wipes clean effectively? While quick and convenient, some dermatologists say that face wipes may not be the best way to remove makeup at the end of a long day. Instead of cleansing and removing makeup, wipes may just be pushing the dirt and makeup around your visage. They may be even lead to clogged pores. But when soap and water aren’t available or you have time constraints, makeup wipes will certainly do.
  • Wipes are different–so choose wisely. When shopping for facial wipes, remember there are differences. Some wipes are meant for removing eye makeup, while others are designed for deep cleaning. It’s important to carefully read the labels.
  • Great for the beach. Facial cleansing wipes are great for a day in the sun and sand. You can use them to remove old sunscreen and to refresh your skin.
  • Great for facial cleansing on the go. After a long plane, car or train ride, a facial cleansing wipe can help you feel reinvigorated. And, you won’t rile the TSA with a package of face wipes.
  • Effective for removing stains. Facial body wipes can even remove small stains from your clothing. Gently pat a face wipe on a newly acquired stain and the stain will likely disappear. Don’t wait. If the stain has been there too long, all the rubbing in the world with your face wipe won’t do any good.
  • Facial wipes are not a substitute for washing. While using a face wipe to remove makeup is quick and convenient, don’t get out of the habit of washing your face. A thorough and complete cleansing of the face still requires good ol’ soap (mild) and water.
  • Get rid of deodorant stains. Don’t you hate it when you’re applying deodorant and accidentally get some on your dark shirt or dress? When that happens, grab a face wipe and gently wipe the stain away. This should take care of any unwanted deodorant residue.
  • Clean up when dying hair. If you’re one who likes coloring your own hair, you know that when finished, there’s always dye on your forehead and neck. A face wipe will quickly and gently remove dye from your skin.

9. Wipes for Men

What wipes are formulated especially for men? Wipes for men contain fragrances and ingredients more suited to the masculine side. These face wipes are infused with an orange fragrance or other masculine-oriented colognes. They’re not made for removing makeup but will hydrate, refresh and soothe a man’s face.

Body Wipes – Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about body wipes:

You know where babies come from, but do you know where body wipes come from?

Body wipes may seem like a fairly novel for everyday life in America, but their origin dates back almost 60 years. It all started with something called the Wet-Nap.

Arthur Julius, an American inventor, is credited with creating the first disposable wipe made for cleaning. Julius worked in the cosmetics industry. In 1958, he trademarked the name “Wet-Nap” for a small sheet of paper-like material saturated with a soapy solution. He worked to perfect his new innovation and introduced Wet-Naps to the world in 1960, at the National Restaurant Show. Three years later, the famous Colonel Sanders started using Wet-Naps in his Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants. Hungry customers used them to wipe away that “finger-lickin’-good” residue from their greasy fingers.

Other than a way to clean up after eating messy foods, wipes were used mainly for cleaning the bottoms of babies. Baby wipes are saturated with gentle cleaning solutions that don’t irritate the sensitive skin of infants. As technology improved and moistened wipes became more affordable, production of diaper wipes for babies boomed.

Do diaper wipes disinfect?

It may be surprising to learn that diaper wipes may be enough to clean dirty surfaces and eliminate a great number of germs. Baby wipes can kill some bacteria, especially those that come with that stuff that comes out of a baby’s bottom.

Can you use wet wipes as toilet paper?

A wet wipe may do a good job of cleaning your behind, but because they can contain alcohol or other cleaning agents not meant for “down there,” skin irritation may occur. Stick with flushable wipes for that job.

Is it okay not to shower after a workout?

Yes, you have our permission. Seriously, it’s not always possible to shower after a workout. When that’s the case, use one of the many no-shower body wipes that are available. They will clean and deodorize adequately until the next shower opportunity.

Do disinfecting wipes really work?

Disinfecting wipes are specifically formulated to kill germs on surfaces. The chemicals used in disinfecting wipes are not meant to be used on the body. They can cause skin irritation and trigger asthma and other allergies. Don’t use surface disinfecting wipes on your body.

Feel Cleaner with a Body Wipe

Life in the 21st century is fast-paced, hectic and demanding. The advent of body wipes for a multitude of uses helps you cope when time is scarce and you’re on the go. Shower wipes are great for when bathing or showering is not possible. Flushable wipes make it possible to clean your nether regions as never before. Antiperspirant wipes can solve an embarrassing problem with excessive sweating. Facial and exfoliating wipes can be indispensable for removing old makeup and caring for your face. What would your life be like without wipes?

Smelly feet can be as embarrassing as public flatulence. Sure, stinky feet may not be as audible. But unlike an untimely “break-of-wind”, that silent –yet deadly– foot odor doesn’t fade.

It’s time to put an end to stinky feet! Here are 12 effective ways to battle foot odor:

12 Way to Get Rid of Stinky Feet

  • 1. Wash Your Feet Often
  • 2. Exfoliate
  • 3. Keep Your Feet Dry
  • 4. Choose Your Socks Wisely
  • 5. Wear the Right Shoes and Rotate Them
  • 6. Odor-Fighting Insoles
  • 7. Shoe Deodorizers
  • 8. Soak Your Smelly Feet
  • 9. Foot Sprays and Powders
  • 10. Is It Something You Ate?
  • 11. Treat Athlete’s Foot or Foot Fungus
  • 12. Try an Antiperspirant

If you have a fear of taking your shoes off in any kind of public setting, you’re not alone. Whether it’s a long airplane ride, trying on a new pair of shoes, entering a home where wearing shoes inside is taboo, or any of countless other possible shoeless situation, your stinky feet will embarrass you.

A Few Smelly Feet Facts

Your feet, especially the soles, are home to the highest concentration of sweat glands anywhere on your body. As many as 250,000 eccrine sweat glands are in each of your feet. The sweat glands in your feet can produce up to a pint of sweat every 24 hours.

Believe it or not, foot sweat is normally odorless. But when it comes in contact with the abundance of hungry bacteria hanging out on your skin, that’s when the trouble begins. The small amount of nutrients contained in foot sweat, along with dead skin cells, provide a feast for skin bacteria and fungi.

The more we sweat, the more there is for bacteria to eat. The more they eat, the more we stink. This break-down of sweat and the rapid growth of bacteria are responsible for the bad foot odor we all dread. If you’re on your feet most of the day, the likelihood of stinky feet is dramatically increased.

We are all subject to sweaty, smelly feet, regardless of the temperature or season of the year. Teenagers and pregnant women are more likely to suffer from stinky feet because of the hormonal changes taking place in their bodies.

Foot odor is normal and doesn’t necessarily mean there’s an underlying health problem–although a health issue is certainly possible. One such serious sweating disorder is called hyperhidrosis. It’s a medical condition that affects about 15 million people in the USA. Those who suffer from hyperhidrosis sweat excessively and for no apparent reason. Excessive foot sweating is known as Plantar hyperhidrosis.

Common fungal infections, like athlete’s foot, produce dry flaky bits of skin that bacteria feed on. The resulting bacteria bloom and grow on your feet, augmenting the smelly feet problem. The “sweat + bacteria = stinky feet problem” is made worse when your feet are hermetically sealed in shoes and socks that prevent any ventilation.

Then, when you finally take off your shoes… well, you know it’s going to be bad news for every nose in the room.

Why Do I Have Stinky Feet?

Before we get to talking about how to get rid of sweaty, stinky feet, let’s look at the common causes.

Shoes Made of Synthetic Materials

If you wear shoes made of plastic, vinyl, or other materials that do not “breathe,” you’re essentially guaranteeing that your feet will stink. These kinds of shoes trap sweat and provide the perfect habitat for growing the pesky bacteria that make your feet smell so bad.

Old Shoes and Shoes Worn Too Long

Remember that old pair of shoes that smells so bad? In time, dead skin and bacteria begin to linger longer in your shoes. Every time you slide your feet in them again, the bacteria begin to party. And, if you wear the same shoes day in and day out, they’re going to quickly become “those smelly shoes.”

Socks: Dirty or Not, Here I Come!

Let’s start with the gross part. Dirty socks are going to be one of the most frequent causes of stinky feet. If you wear a pair of socks for more than one day before washing, the buildup of bacteria is going to be banana-town-crazy.

And, if you wear clean socks that don’t breathe, sweat will be trapped and you’ll end up with stinky socks, shoes, and feet. If the water you wash your socks in is not hot enough, the bacteria will not get killed off and you’ll be starting each new day with a serious foot odor disadvantage. Do your feet smell like what the circus left behind?

Fungal Infections and More

Fungus that attacks the feet, including athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) and nail fungus, will lead to stinky feet. Itching, cracking, redness, and scaling–especially between the toes–are common symptoms of foot fungus.

Another, more serious infection is trench foot. It’s caused by extended exposure to wet, cold and unsanitary conditions. It got its name from World War I soldiers who spent weeks and months in dirty, wet trenches. The bad foot odor is caused by decay as blood supply to the feet deteriorates and tissue begins to die.

Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety can increase the amount of sweating you experience. And since the highest concentration of sweat glands is on your feet, you know what will happen in stressful situations.

Plantar Hyperhidrosis

Plantar hyperhidrosis is one of the four main types of primary focal hyperhidrosis. If you suffer from plantar hyperhidrosis, even the best foot hygiene won’t be enough to help.

Hormones

If you wonder why your feet smell, hormones may be the answer. There’s nobody that scores quite so high on the stinky feet scale as kids and teenagers. Some pregnant women may come close. The cause? Changing hormones.

12 Tips to Prevent Stinky Feet

Fortunately for all of us, there is a stinky-feet remedy for every circumstance. Here are 12 ways you can get rid of that smelly foot odor:

1. Wash Your Feet Often

Mom told you to wash your feet thoroughly, and she was right. Don’t just casually let the suds from your shower wash over your feet. You’ve got to exercise some tough love on them. Wash your feet with an antibacterial soap that will kill the bacteria.

Use a washcloth or body scrubber to really get at them, and don’t forget to scrub between the toes–bacteria often find refuge there. If you don’t shower every day, make it a habit to wash your feet. Starting with clean feet will delay and minimize the inevitable onset of bacteria and chain reaction with sweaty feet.

2. Exfoliate

Exfoliation is a technique used to remove and get rid of dead skin cells. Remember, a dead skin cell is the breakfast of champions for bacteria. If you don’t remove dead skin cells, they will build up providing an all-you-can-eat buffet for the mean, little critters.

Exfoliation will remove those dead skin cells and reinvigorate your feet. Use a natural bristle brush or loofah to exfoliate twice a week. Here’s something to remember: A fibrous loofah or bristled brush is the perfect hangout for bacteria. Make sure you clean them with antibacterial soap after each use.

3. Keep Your Feet Dry

One of the easiest ways to fix stinky feet is to keep them dry. After showering, bathing, or a soaking your feet, dry off completely with a clean towel. Take a few extra seconds and dry thoroughly between your toes. The drier your feet, the less worry you’ll have about foot odor.

4. Choose Your Socks Wisely

Your choice of socks will go a long way to helping you get rid of smelly feet. Wouldn’t it be great if wearing the right socks was the best remedy for stinky feet? Well, it might just be. Take a look in your sock drawer. Push aside the orphans and mismatches and look at their material.

Cotton socks are popular, but they are NOT a good choice for controlling sweaty and stinky feet. Sweat absorbed by cotton fiber does not evaporate. Sweat, bacteria, and foot odor will lurk in those cotton socks until they’re washed again.

The best socks for stinky feet include:

Merino Wool: Merino wool is able to absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling damp. It’s light, soft, will help reduce foot odor, and won’t trap moisture next to your feet.

Coolmax: Dupont invented Coolmax in the 1980s. It’s a polyester based fiber that wicks away moisture from your skin. It’s often combined with other fabrics.

Olefin: In 1963, Italian scientists won the Nobel Chemistry Prize for Olefin. It’s strong, lightweight, dries quickly. Olefin also resists soil and stains, and wicks away moisture up to 25 times faster than other synthetic materials.

5. Wear the Right Shoes and Rotate Them

Just like choosing the right socks, it’s crucial that you wear the right shoes. If you’re wondering what to do about your smelly feet, avoiding stench-promoting shoes will go a long way. Stay away from shoes made from artificial materials like plastic or vinyl.

Always choose footwear made from leather, canvas, or other natural materials that breathe. If weather permits, consider wearing open-toe sandals. Keep your shoes dry and rotate your footwear every day. Shoes should be allowed to rest for at least 24 hours before wearing them again.

6. Odor-Fighting Insoles

Among the products for curing stinky feet, some of the most popular foot care products are removable insoles that fight foot odor. They work to deodorize your shoes. Most of them are made from activated charcoal. Activated charcoal, unlike the traditional type, expands and forms pockets that absorb sweat moisture and odor. They can absorb foot sweat throughout your day (or night).

The activated charcoal ingredient not only absorbs the odor but also neutralizes it. Activated charcoal insoles must be replaced every 60 days or so as their ability to absorb moisture and odor dissipates over time.

7. Shoe Deodorizer

If you’re still having trouble battling the stinky odor lingering in your footwear, you may want to try deodorizing your shoes. There are several methods that produce good results:

  • Wash Them: If the shoes are washable, throw them in the washing machine or wash them by hand. Use a mild detergent. You could also add some white vinegar to kill bacteria.
  • Use a Homemade Shoe Powder: You can make your own deodorizing powder with baking soda, cornstarch, and tea tree oil. Combine 3 tablespoons of baking soda, 1 tablespoon of corn starch and 5 drops of tea tree essential oil. Sprinkle the mixture into each shoe and let them stand overnight. Repeat as necessary.
  • Stuff Them: Stuff your shoes with newspaper, cedar wood chips or cedar shoe trees. Unwanted moisture will be absorbed, and the cedar will leave your shoes with a pleasant scent.
  • Use a Shoe Deodorizing Spray: Another way to get rid of shoe odor is to use a commercial deodorizing spray. They’re widely available and can kill odor-causing bacteria and rid your shoes of disgusting foot odor.
  • Freeze Them:Yup, stick those smelly old dogs in the freezer overnight. The freezing temperature can kill odor-causing bacteria. You’ll want to put them in a plastic bag to isolate them from that container of Chunky Monkey ice cream you’ve been thinking about.

8. Soak Your Stinky Feet

Soaking your feet can help cure stinky feet. They may also prove helpful as an effective home remedy for athlete’s foot. There are several different ways to soak your stinky feet. Here are the most popular methods:

  • Epsom Salt Foot Soak: Epsom salt draws moisture out of your feet. Less moisture means less bacteria. Dissolve half a cup of Epsom salt in a large bowl or tub of warm water and soak for 10 to 20 minutes.
  • Vinegar Foot Soak: Vinegar also makes your feet uninviting for bacteria. Mix 2 parts warm water with 1 part vinegar. Soak your feet for 15 to 20 minutes. Caution: If you have scratches or open sores, don’t use this soak.
  • Essential Oil Foot Soak: Some essential oils have antifungal and antibacterial properties. Fill a large bowl or small tub with hot water (not scalding hot). Combine with a half cup of Epsom salt, 10 drops of tea tree oil and 10 drops of eucalyptus oil. You may also add 1/4 cup of lemon oil or apple cider vinegar. Soak for 15 minutes.
  • Mouthwash Foot Soak: Mouthwash products contain active ingredients that can kill fungus. This home remedy treatment is not so much for foot odor itself, but for killing fungus that’s causing the foot odor. Fill a plastic tub with 1 part mouthwash and 2 parts of warm water. You may add some white vinegar too. Soak your feet for 45 to 60 minutes. It’s recommended that this soak is repeated every day until the fungal infection disappears.

9. Foot Sprays and Powders

Another way of going after stinky shoes and feet is with a foot deodorant spray or powder. There are foot sprays for shoes that kill bacteria and deodorize. You can also spray rubbing alcohol inside your shoes. Some sprays are designed to be applied directly on the feet. The highest reviewed are made of 100% natural ingredients including lavender, chamomile, ginger, cocoa, and rooibos tea.

They kill bacteria and also soothe the skin. Also, you can try a foot powder made from corn starch, baby powder, or baking soda. These household powders absorb moisture and can help keep feet dry. Some will even make your feet smell good.

10. Is It Something You Ate?

Many types of food can help or hinder your efforts to get rid of stinky feet.

Here’s some foods you should avoid…

  • Caffeinated drinks and hot peppers: These are known to increase body temperature and encourage more sweating.
  • Processed and refined carbohydrates: Sadly, pasta, bread, baked goods, and white rice can promote stinky feet.
  • Foods that contain lots of sulfur: Onions, broccoli, cabbage, garlic, and onions can cause stinky foot odor as they’re broken down by your digestive system.
  • High protein foods: Eggs, red meat, and fish are foods high in choline and carnitine. When these compounds are digested, they can cause foul-smelling fish-like odors.

and here’s some foods you should get more of…

  • Foods rich in chlorophyll: Leafy greens and sea vegetation (kelp and seaweed) can help rid the body of stinky-feet compounds.
  • Herbs can serve as a cleansing agent.
  • Foods with lots of zinc can help reduce body odors, including foot odor. Among the foods high in zinc are peanuts, pumpkin seeds, and–yes, it’s true–dark chocolate (ideally no more than 1 ounce per day).

11. Treat Athlete’s Foot or Foot Fungus

Chances are you’ve had athlete’s foot. It’s that itchy, burning, painful condition caused by a fungus that loves warm, moist feet. Rash, scaly, and cracked skin are the tell-tale symptoms. Adding insult to injury, athlete’s foot also causes your feet to stink.

Fortunately, athlete’s foot will clear within one to two weeks with proper treatment.
Here are a few ways to treat and prevent athlete’s foot:

  • 1. Keep your feet clean and dry. Go barefoot when you can. Change socks a couple of times a day, and wear shoes and socks that breathe.
  • 2. Use an antifungal cream, spray or powder. Well-known brands include Lotrimin, Tinactin, and Micatin. All are widely available and don’t require a prescription.
  • 3. Avoid going barefoot in public places like swimming pools, locker rooms, showers, etc. Wear sandals or flip-flops to prevent infection.

12. Try Antiperspirant

An antiperspirant for feet? Yes. While we think of antiperspirants to control underarm sweat and body odor, they’re not just for your underarms. According to the International Hyperhidrosis Society, “Antiperspirants are considered the first line of treatment for excessive sweating and can be used nearly anywhere on the body where sweating is a problem.”

If you experience excessive sweating on your feet and the smelly feet problem that comes along for the ride, a prescription strength antiperspirant may be exactly what you need. If you’ve been diagnosed with plantar hyperhidrosis, you definitely want to try one. Antiperspirant products for controlling excessive foot sweat contain the same active ingredient, aluminum chloride, found in other antiperspirants.

One application of a prescription strength antiperspirant on your sweaty feet can last for several days. Foot antiperspirants are available as a spray, towelettes or a cream. Once the foot sweating is controlled with a good foot antiperspirant, the stinky feet problem will be significantly reduced.

How Do I Prevent Foot Odor?

“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” as the old saying goes. It’s particularly true when it comes to preventing stinky feet. Preventing foot odor before it happens is the best way to treat smelly feet.

Remember to follow these tips to keep your feet smelling nice and clean:

  • Wash your feet often. Good personal hygiene is always a great idea.
  • Scrub your feet. Exfoliation will remove dead skin and bacteria.
  • Keep your feet dry. Dry thoroughly after bathing or showering and, if possible, air your feet out throughout the day. Dryness kills sweaty, stinky feet.
  • Wear socks that breathe. Consider specialty sports socks which can wick away moisture. Stay away from heavy socks and even cotton socks if foot perspiration is a problem.
  • Wear the right shoes. Always choose shoes that are made of natural materials that breathe. Rotate your shoes. If possible, don’t wear the same pair on consecutive days.
  • Use odor-fighting insoles infused with active charcoal. They’ll absorb moisture and neutralize stinky shoe odor.
  • Deodorize your shoes often. Wash them if they’re washable. Use a powder or spray deodorizer to sanitize and kill smelly feet odor.
  • Soaking your feet with Epsom salt, essential oils, antibacterial mouthwash or vinegar can kill odor-causing bacteria.
  • Stay away from caffeinated beverages and spicy foods. Eat foods with chlorophyll, herbs, and zinc.
  • Promptly treat athlete’s foot or other infections. They all cause your feet to smell bad.
  • If you have plantar hyperhidrosis (or your feet just sweat a lot), use a prescription strength antiperspirant wipe or cream.

We are all vulnerable to stinky feet. It’s a universal problem. Understanding the causes of foot odor and knowing how to get rid of smelly feet can greatly improve your quality of life. Your social interactions will become much more pleasant, and your confidence and self-esteem will skyrocket. The next time you need to remove your shoes, you’ll be able to smile without worrying about stinky feet.

So, your favorite shoes stink. You don’t dare take them off even though your feet are screaming to be let out. Embarrassing, but true. Don’t worry, help is on the way.

16 Home Remedies for Stinky Shoes:

  • 1. Wash + exfoliate feet (especially in between toes)
  • 2. Stop sweaty feet to stop stinky shoes
  • 3. Foot and shoe deodorant spray
  • 4. Wear shoes that breathe (reduce sweat + bacteria)
  • 5. Alternate your shoes – give them time to air out
  • 6. Use shoe insoles to fight foot odor
  • 7. Sprinkle baking sode in those stinky shoes
  • 8. Keep shoes fresh smelling with dryer sheets
  • 9. Deodorize shoes with cat litter or wood chips ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
  • 10. Clean shoes with rubbing alcohol
  • 11. Steam clean shoes
  • 12. Denture tablet shoe soak
  • 13. Freeze the stink out of your shoes
  • 14. Spray essential oils into your shoes
  • 15. Use tea bags to keep shoes smelling fresh
  • 16. If all else fails: Spring for new shoes

Where do stinky shoes come from anyway? The answer is… well… obvious. First comes foot sweat, then comes bacteria, then comes stinky feet, socks and shoes.

Why do my feet stink?

Foot odor is a universal problem unless you happen to live someplace where shoes are not worn. Most of us spend many hours a day in our shoes, so let’s talk about what causes foot odor.

Our feet smell because they sweat inside our shoes. When the sweat reaches the skin’s surface the foot sweat encounters bacteria that break it down. The decomposing sweat releases an offensive odor. The medical term for smelly feet is Bromodosis. The common term is stinky feet.

Here’s a fun physiological fact: There are more sweat glands in human feet than anywhere else on the human body.

You’re more likely to have smelly feet if you’re in your shoes most of the day. Stress can cause sweaty, stinky feet, as can a medical disorder called hyperhidrosis. Athlete’s foot and other fungal infections can also lead to bad foot odor. Hormonal changes that are prevalent in teenagers and pregnant women can cause abnormal sweating which leads to heightened foot odor.

Stinky feet = stinky shoes.

Let’s first talk about how to prevent stinky feet and then we’ll talk about how to get the smell out of shoes and other helpful odor-fighting remedies.

1. Wash + exfoliate feet to prevent stinky shoes

Since stinky shoes start with stinky feet, seems like that’s a good place to begin. Practicing good foot hygiene can help keep the foot odor down.

Wash your feet every day. Even if you don’t shower or bathe every day, take the time to wash your feet with warm soapy water. Rinse thoroughly and then dry with a clean, dry towel. Make sure you clean between your toes where bacteria love to grow.

Exfoliate. Removing dead skin can reduce foot odor. Wash your feet with an exfoliating pad, pumice stone, or exfoliating shower wipe.

Keep your feet dry. The bacteria that reacts with sweat thrives in moist areas. If your socks or shoes are wet, you’ve set up a feast for odor-causing bacteria. Wear breathable socks made of fabric that will wick away foot perspiration. Wearing shoes without socks may be fashionably cool, but it’s never a good idea. If you like stinky tennis shoes, don’t wear socks.

2. Stop sweaty feet to stop stinky shoes

If you’re often plagued by sweaty feet, you’ll want to focus on stopping some of that sweat. An antiperspirant lotion like SweatBlock is perfect for reducing excessive sweat on the feet. Your feet contain more sweat glands than any other part of your body. Bacteria love sweaty feet and and stink loves bacteria.

If you can reduce some of that foot sweating, you can reduce a lot of the stink that comes along with it.

3. Shoe Deodorizer Spray

A shoe deodorizer is a great way to eliminate stink on your shoes. If you’re looking for the best shoe deodorizer, search for a deodorizer that can be sprayed on both your feet and shoes. This quick and effective remedy is perfect for active walkers, sports enthusiasts, and students after gym class. The small spray bottle fits easily in your backpack or gym bag, and the fresh smelling spray will make your feet and shoes smell great right away. The deodorant spray provides natural anti-fungal protection and works on all types of shoes, sandals, and slippers.

4. Wear shoes that breathe

One of the most effective remedies is simple: Wear the right shoes. The best shoes for stinky feet are made from leather or breathable fabric. These materials allow moisture to vent to the outside world. Avoid shoes made of vinyl or other man-made materials. Non-breathable shoes act to prevent moisture dissipation and evaporation. And once you unlace those babies, you and anybody in the area will be reaching for a gas mask.

5. Alternate your shoes – give them time to air out

The smell of your shoes can be greatly reduced by not wearing the same pair on consecutive days. Of course, this means you’ll need more than one pair of shoes. Assuming that you have at least two pairs, alternate the days you wear them. Give ‘em a well-deserved rest. On their days off, pull out the tongue, loosen the laces and put them in a ventilated spot where they can air out.

6. Use shoe insoles to fight foot odor

Another way to minimize shoe odor is with specially treated insoles. Several varieties are available at your favorite grocery or drug store. They’re treated with activated charcoal or baking soda (or both) and neutralize unpleasant odors. They not only provide long-lasting odor protection (a few weeks or months), but they can also absorb foot moisture and add extra footbed cushioning.

Most brands come in a standard size that can be easily cut to fit any size shoe. These odor-neutralizing insoles are especially useful in taming those smelly gym shoes.

7. Sprinkle baking soda in those stinky shoes

Baking soda is another good home remedy for stinky shoes. Sprinkle generous amounts of baking soda in the offending shoe(s). Let the power of baking soda do its thing overnight. Dump it out in the morning and, boom, your shoes are as fresh as new. Well, maybe not quite that fresh, but they’re ready for the upcoming day.

One caution: Be careful about using baking soda too often with leather shoes, as it can extract the moisture from the leather and cause it to dry out and crack.

8. Keep shoes fresh smelling with dryer sheets

If we’re going to talk about how to deodorize shoes, we should mention using dryer sheets. It’s another unusual idea to freshen stinky shoes.

Take a standard dryer sheet, tear it in half and place one half in each shoe. Let the shoes sit overnight. Really stinky tennis shoes may require more time. Just remember to pull the dryer sheets out before putting on the newly freshened shoes.

Bonus tip: If you keep your gym shoes in a gym bag, throw a dryer sheet into the bottom of the gym bag. It will act as a shoe and gym clothes deodorizer.

9. Deodorize shoes with cat litter or wood chips

If your shoes are attracting attention (the wrong kind) because of shoe odor, here’s a hack you may want to try. You’ll need some cedar wood chips or kitty litter. You’ll also need some clean old socks or paper towels.

This cure is easy: Fill up a pair of old, but clean, socks with either cedar wood chips or cat litter. Place one of the socks in each shoe, and let them stand overnight. The wood chips or kitty litter will absorb the foot odor hiding in the shoes. Citrus peels can also do a passable job of refreshing your shoes.

10. Clean shoes with rubbing alcohol

Rubbing alcohol can be used to kill odor and clean your shoes. There are two methods.

The first utilizes a mixture of water and alcohol. Take a cup of water and a cup of rubbing alcohol. Mix them together in a spray bottle. Spray the solution on the inside and outside of each shoe. Place the treated shoes in a well-ventilated area where they can dry.

The alcohol acts to kill the bacteria that causes stinky shoes. The alcohol will also help dry out areas where moisture collects.

The second method uses alcohol and cotton balls. Saturate several cotton balls with rubbing alcohol. Place the saturated cotton balls in each shoe, filling up all the space. Be sure to get them way down in the toe area, and let the shoes stand overnight. Things should be looking up and smelling much fresher in the morning.

Tip: How to wash tennis shoes and sneakers to get rid of foot odor

Today’s tennis shoes (athletic shoes) and sneakers often cost north of $100. To keep them looking and smelling like new, you can use your washing machine. To protect your investment, there are a few steps to follow. This method works well for fabric and leather athletic shoes.

  • 1. Remove the laces (if any) and any removable insoles or inserts.
  • 2. Wipe away any loose dirt and debris.
  • 3. Place shoes, minus laces and inserts, in a mesh bag or pillowcase. Secure the opening so the shoes can’t come out.
  • 4. If you have a washing machine with an agitator, include some towels along with the shoes to balance the load. If you have a newer machine without an agitator, you probably don’t need the towels.
  • 5. Wash in warm water with a heavy-duty detergent.
  • 6. Air dry your newly cleaned shoes. NEVER put them in the dryer.
  • 7. Use a solution of water and baking soda to hand clean the insoles/inserts.

11. Steam clean shoes to kill bacteria and odor

Steam can help eradicate bacteria and foot odor in your shoes. If you have a dryer with a steam feature, give that a try. Be sure that you try this method on shoes that can tolerate moisture.

Another method using steam requires a steam cleaning appliance. These are used for cleaning and disinfecting things around the house. Just stick the steam machine’s nozzle into each shoe for about 30 seconds. Let them completely dry before wearing again.

12. Denture tablet shoe soak

You’ll only want to use this method on shoes that can be submerged completely in water without damage.

Take a bucket or medium size bin. Fill it with hot water. Drop in 3 to 4 denture tablets and allow them to dissolve. Toss in your sneakers and let them soak for 2 to 3 hours. Not only will they smell better but they’ll be germ-free, at least for a while.

13. Freeze the stink out of your shoes

Disgusting foot odor is caused by bacteria lurking in the dark recesses of your footwear. Putting them in the freezer overnight kills this bacteria. These foul-intentioned germs can’t stand the cold environment. But first, you’ll want to protect whatever else is in the freezer by following these simple steps:

  • Make sure your shoes are completely dry.
  • Put them in a sealable plastic bag or wrap them tightly in plastic wrap.
  • Leave them in the freezer for the night.
  • Remove them in the morning

In the morning, don’t be afraid to stick your nose where it normally doesn’t belong. You’ll be pleased to find that the shoe stench is gone.

14. Spray essential oils into your shoes

Essential oils are a big thing for millions around the world. If you’re a fan of essential oils and their natural “super powers,” this essential-oils-for-stinky-shoes treatment will surely appeal to you. Be sure you’re using high-quality essential oils.

  • 1. Grab a small spray bottle. The 2.7-ounce size is ideal.
  • 2. Fill halfway with unscented witch hazel.
  • 3. Add distilled water leaving just a little space at the top of the bottle for these essential oils: 6 drops peppermint essential oil, 4 drops tea tree oil (aka melaleuca oil), 2 drops eucalyptus essential oil, 1 drop thyme essential oil
  • 4. Screw the spray top onto the bottle.
  • 5. Shake well.
  • 6. Spray lightly the entire interior of the shoe. Don’t forget the toe box.
  • 7. Place the treated shoes in a sealable plastic bag to heighten effectiveness.
  • 8. Let dry.

Each time you detect offending shoe odor, spray again. Not only will this essential concoction deodorize your shoes, but it also has the power to kill odor-causing bacteria. It might just be the best deodorizing spray you’ve ever tried.

15. Freshen your shoes with tea bags

This home remedy for shoe odor works the same way as the cat litter and wood chips methods. All you need are some stinky shoes and unused tea bags.

Place two or three tea bags inside each shoe. Let stand for several hours or overnight. The dried tea in the bags will absorb that bad odor emanating from your shoes. Simple. Easy. Effective.

16. If all else fails: Spring for new shoes

All the above remedies for smelly shoes have been tested, tried and proven. But if your favorite shoes just don’t respond well to one or more of these methods, it may be time to hang ‘em up for good and buy a new pair. New shoes smell great– for a few days. But then, the creeping bad shoe smell will return. So, keep experimenting with these cures for stinky shoes. The inevitable occasion will arrive when your shoes must come off in public. And this time? You’ll be ready.